GABAergic neurons: from individual cells to networks
Medical Faculty of Heidelberg University and DKFZ Heidelberg, Germany
GABAergic interneurons are crucially involved in the generation and maintenance of rhythmic synchronous activity in many forebrain regions, including the hippocampal-entorhinal formation. Genetic manipulations affecting the activity of GABAergic interneurons highlighted the functional role of GABAergic interneurons for spatial and/or temporal coding in the hippocampus, and were associated with spatial memory deficits. I will present data pertaining to the anatomical and functional characterization of distinct cell types in the medial and lateral entorhinal cortex, with a particular focus on putative functions of GABAergic interneurons.
I will also present data demonstrating the presence of long-range GABAergic cells that connect the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex bi-directionally. By virtue of their connectivity - the target cells are most often local interneurons - this class of cells is ideally suited to synchronize brain regions over long distance. I will show that long-range GABAergic cells connect many more brain regions, and will discuss in more detail the functional implications of the GABAergic septum-entorhinal cortex connectivity as well as motor cortex-striatum connectivity.